DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B32/S15.094

CLIMATIC CHANGES AND SALINITY OF THE SEA OF AZOV FOR 100 YEARS

L.V. Dashkevich, S.V. Berdnikov
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-62-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 2, 719-726 pp

ABSTRACT
In the modern period in the Sea of Azov region air temperature is increasing, especially during the winter, some warming of waters of the Sea of Azov and mitigation of its ice conditions are observed. Along with that, decrease of wind speed and a slight contrast increase of the climate region (continentality) are observed. In recent years, beginning of the next period of the Sea of Azov salinity increasing is marked, which is probably connected with reduction of annual precipitation in the region.
A brief historical review of the hydrological regime studying of the Sea of Azov and existing approaches to annual salinity evaluation are presented. Database including 40947 oceanographic stations with salinity measurements for the period of 1913-2014 was used to calculate the average annual sea salinity. Differences in obtained values of average salinity from those previously published were revealed due to differences in methodological approaches and amount of observation data. The most significant differences are observed for the Taganrog Bay, which is associated with high variability of its hydrological regime. Anomalies of average annual salinity for the period of 1922-2014 are presented.

Keywords: Sea of Azov, climatic changes, salinity