DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B32/S13.044

SOIL INVERTEBRATES AS BIOINDICATORS OF ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS ON THE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONAL GROUPS IN THE IRRIGATION AND RAINFED AREAS OF SOUTHEAST OF KAZAKHSTAN

Z.A. Tukenova, M.B. Abilev, A.K. Umbetov
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-62-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 2, 333-340 pp

ABSTRACT
The work is based on the study of influence of anthropogenic impacts on soil biological activity in comparison with its main indicators, which allowed to establish the soil fauna correlative connection with major traditional indicators of soil fertility, and significantly enhances their ecological importance in the assessment of agricultural techniques in agricultural production.
In Kazakhstan such researches have a fragmented character, soil animals and their effects on soil properties have been studied poorly. The reason for the relatively poor knowledge of soil animals is not only the complexity of the conditions for the existence of organisms in the soil, but also the difficulty of observation and study of the soil fauna due to the opacity and density of habitat. And, despite the importance of soil fauna in the soil-forming process, in Kazakhstan it is still poorly understood, especially in the agro-technical influences in irrigation and rainfed areas of south-eastern Kazakhstan. Lack of information on the biological activity in this area, the underestimation of the role of soil invertebrates and their value in the formation and reproduction of soil fertility, lack of methods of biodiagnostics and indication of soil identified the relevance and need for systemic research in this direction.
The title and direction of research on the effect of different systems of application of fertilizers, pesticides and other agricultural methods on living component of soil environment in the long-term stationary experiments, and, based on them, the development of parameters for monitoring of anthropogenic impacts in the system of modern agriculture in irrigation and rainfed areas of south-eastern Kazakhstan were chosen on the basis of above mentions.

Keywords: soil, soil invertebrates, bioindicators, anthropogenic impact

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