DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B31/S12.044

FLOOD RISK PERCEPTION AND PREPAREDNESS: EMERGING INSIGHTS FROM SELECTED CASE STUDIES IN THE CURVATURE CARPATHIANS AND SUBCARPATHIANS (ROMANIA)

D.Micu , M. Dumitrascu, I. Grigorescu , G. Kucsicsa , C. Dragota
Wednesday 7 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-61-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book3 Vol. 1, 335-342 pp

ABSTRACT
Climate change has raised awareness about the shifts in the distribution and timing of river flooding in many European regions (e.g. northern, central) which were affected by more frequent, intense and unpredictable extreme hydrological events in the last decades, inducing significant impacts on vulnerable human communities. Some recent severe flood events (e.g. 2005, 2010) produced extensive societal and economic impacts in Romania due to above-normal precipitation. The Curvature Carpathians and Subcarpathians experienced the adverse effects of floods and flash-floods (FF) in response to the heavy rainfalls of 2005 and 2010, especially in small river catchments (below 200 km2), implying great losses to local community’s assets and transport infrastructure. The study aims at identifying the “pillars” of the current level of resilience, as well as the possible premises for improving the community resilience and its capacity in coping with these hazards, in relation to the underlying socio-economic factors causing vulnerability. The research findings identified a high level of individual awareness and worry of FF risk, but a limited preparedness, due to several factors e.g. the community-based programs for FF emergency training and behavioral exercises in both selected river catchments, limited perceived effectiveness of flood prevention/protection measures undertaken by the authorities. Several valuable premises for building individual and community resilience have been identified e.g. the existence of a “self-resilience mechanism” within the community, mandatory household insurance schemes.

Keywords: floods, flash-floods, preparedness, resilience, Romania.