DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B32/S14.070

RESEARCHES CONCERNING INSTALLING FOREST VEGETATION ON DEGRADED LANDS

M. Moatar, C. Fora, C. Banu, C. Stefan, S. Stanciu
Thursday 24 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-37-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book3 Vol. 2, 521-528 pp

ABSTRACT
In Romania, the current forest productivity is below the productive potential of forest stations. This discrepancy is largely due to low productivity forests, in total 22% of the total forest area. Both forests abnormal consistency and the composition inadequate productive potential of the resort, require artificial interventions, recovery works and even ecological restoration. The failure was due to misapplication works of trends "fashionable" at different stages exaggerated application works with substitution of deciduous conifers that did not ensure ecological component interventions. Complete assessment of the damage caused by phenomena of degradation is generally difficult to perform because many items are missing or statistics. Data indicates, however, that the damage is mainly to agriculture, forestry and road and rail sector. The main categories of damage caused by degradation phenomena are related to the reduction or cancellation of the product production capacity of flash floods. The work began with detailed research on aspects of the natural geology, geomorphology, landforms, climatology, vegetation, soils and stationary complexes. The area around the perimeter to improve the predominant species is beech, which exploits the thermal regime relatively mild climate, rich in precipitation, bioactive long period (July atmospheric moisture over 70-80%) and up to megatrofice soils developed predominantly calcareous substrates.
The cleared land, but not covered by sterile or unaffected by digging and blasting, beech or shoots regenerated from seed and young beech valuable form in which they appear and develop exceptional and major species and species mixture helpful. Ash occurs frequently in mature stands as in the young, the different soils. The species from the area proves eco exceptional versatility, especially in terms of build and humidity conditions. Meets both on deep soils and the litho rendzinas and lithic rendzinas, protosols even in areas with high clay content, which rainwater (keep for a long time or minor bed rivers). These lands have been cleared forest or natural regenerated with local species. Forest vegetation consists of beech generally associated with elm, lime, ash common sycamore, hornbeam, cherry to coniferous species (spruce, pine, fir) artificially introduced. The resort is credit worthy middle - upper beech, fir, spruce, pine. The land is degraded. It is recommended that existing forest vegetation.

Keywords: degraded lands, afforestation, sustainable development, damage, sterile lands

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