DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B32/S14.068


V. Zakamskii
Thursday 24 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-37-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book3 Vol. 2, 505-512 pp

The aim of this work is to determine the capacity of forest areas, suburban and urban parks. Evaluation of the maximum allowable recreational pressure in the places of mass recreation from the negative influence of the anthropogenic factor taking into account the digression was found. In this regard, the results of our study indicate the necessity of applying for calculating attendance and recreational load on the territory of the Volga Federal district of Russia "all-Union standards for forest inventory".. For calculations, you should use the developed indicators maximum allowable recreational pressure on 1 ha of forest land. Which in different forest conditions and in a certain sequence allows to calculate the maximum number of visitors. That is used for settlements for the places of mass rest, as districts, and individual parts of recreation objects or objects in General, without violating the environmental balance. For example, forests operational purposes, i.e., the fourth class of recreational suitability.
In the end, was developed a unified approach to the definition of non-recurring and extreme loads on forest objects of mass recreation that allows you to set the number of visitors type of forest recreation. The proposed method of analysis allows to determine the stage of recreational digression and to provide more detailed information about recreational load. In all cases, after the higher stages of digression data will be the basis for assigning measures to protect the environment. To exclude the presence of degraded areas, apply the calculated coefficients по stages digression OST 56-100-95. and data researchers.
The calculated allowable recreational load will more accurately determine the attendance of urban forests and parks, taking into account the category of recreational forests. Can be planned in the organization of recreational monitoring. Will be undertaken certain measures on the protection of forests.

Keywords: recreational digression, standards for maximum allowable loads, recreational assessment.

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