DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B32/S13.027

INTENSITY, DISTRIBUTION AND ROLE OF PROFILE-FORMING PROCESSES IN PEDOGENESIS OF GEORGIA

L. Matchavariani, L. Lagidze, L. N.Paichadze
Thursday 24 September 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-37-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book3 Vol. 2, 199-206 pp

ABSTRACT
The main parameters for soils of Georgia were investigated. For revealing basic geographical features of soils classification for Georgia, the special importance was given to micromorphological diagnosing of main soil formation processes (humification, gleying, ferrugination, lessivage, calcareousness). The groups of processes for each type of soils are allocated most typical. The cartographic material is created which reflects the distribution of the main profile formation processes in soils of Georgia using the GIS. The correlation of the given material with types of landscapes of Georgia shown, original picture. The precise ratio was marked rather only semi-arid of landscapes, where dominate processes are humification and calcareousness. Soils are the special component of a landscape, which not always submits to the certain rules. In formation of some soils quite often any factor has a main role and known process soil-formation, based on the complex influence of the factors, sometimes can drop out of general geographical peculiarity. Therefore, in the names of landscapes the soil appears in the smallest level.

Keywords: Humification, Gleying, Lessivage, Calcareousness, Micropedology.

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