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KOSOVO COAL BASIN, COAL EXPLOITATION, IMPACT IN ENVIRONMENT

AUTHOR/S: H. HAJRA, N. PECI, B. BARUTI
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2010

10th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference - SGEM2010, www.sgem.org, SGEM2010 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN 10: 954-91818-1-2, June 20-26, 2010, Vol. 1, 75-82 pp

ABSTRACT

Tectonic hollow of Kosovo with characteristic geological construction, specific
geological - historical development and the presence of a great number of lignite strata
in new sediments, present a very interesting region, specific for multidimensional study.

The considerable reserves of lignite in Kosovo basin, ascertain from geological
exploration, present important recourse in one side whereas its exploitation for
combustion in Kosovo power plants presents a great environmental problem on the
other side. Kosovo lignite presents a type of weak coal with a great quantity of
inorganic matter, with presence of some harmful elements and release of polluted gases
during its combustion in power plants, hereby causing the degradation and pollution of
environment in high degree and relatively great spatial dimensions.

Kosovo lignite presents a type of low quality coal in view of thermal value and large
quantity of humidity and inorganic matter. Due to the actual manner of its exploitation
in the power plants Kosovo A and Kosovo B and the presence of some components in
it, combustion of this lignite has caused environmental degradation and pollution in
large scale and large spatial dimensions risking public health.

Keywords: Coal, exploitation, environment, pollution, health

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