DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2015/B11/S1.061

THE ROLE OF VEGETATION IN FILLING-UP OF ARTIFICIAL LAKES WITH DEPOSITS (CASE OF WATER BODIES IN SOUTHERN POLAND).

M. A. Rzetala
Tuesday 4 August 2015 by Libadmin2015

References: 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2015, www.sgem.org, SGEM2015 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-31-5 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 18-24, 2015, Book1 Vol. 1, 485-492 pp

ABSTRACT
In this study, we intend to present the petrographic and geochemical analysis results for the ground stone industry discovered in an Early Neolithic settlement placed in the South-West of Transylvania (Hunedoara County, Romania).
The artefacts we will refer in to the following lines, from an archaeological and geological perspective, were unearthed during the salvage archaeological research on the Deva – Orăştie highway in the year 2011, in the south-eastern part of the Şoimuş village.
After proceeding to the macroscopic, microscopic and physico-chemical analysis, some important issues were revealed concerning the supply with raw materials of the Starčevo-Criş Neolithic community from Şoimuş, respectively the use of natural resources from the vicinity of the site. A confirmation of this aspect is the fact that the geology of the raw materials discovered in the Starčevo-Criş settlement from Şoimuş is similar with the geology of the perimeter where the site is located, in the contact area of the Apuseni and Poiana Ruscă Mountains.
In conclusion, we can assume that the inhabitants of the Early Neolithic community from Şoimuş did not cover long distances for the supply of raw materials for making ground stone tools, their geology being linked mainly to volcanic, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks.

Keywords: preventive archaeological research, Early Neolithic, polished stone tools, petrographic and geochemical analysis

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