DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B12/S2.122

THE USE OF HISTORICAL CARTOGRAPHIC AND ICONOGRAPHIC SOURCES IN SEARCH OF ABANDONED OR FORGOTTEN STONE QUARRIES FOR CONSTRUCTION PURPOSES

L. Arnosova, J.Blaha, S. Chamra, M. Panacek
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-08-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 2, 951-962 pp

ABSTRACT
When repairing historic buildings with dressed stone masonry or stone cladding there is often the need for a thorough petrographic and mineralogical analysis of the rock material used, sometimes even including the locating of the quarries from where the rock was originally obtained in the past. However the vast majority of quarries used in the past as a source of building material were abandoned over time. Often they were only small stone pits located in the near surroundings of the construction site. If the stone was not taken from one of the major quarries, whose history is well known and has been described in related literature, there are two options remaining: direct terrain surveys of nearby areas and at times areas further afield or research of possible written and pictorial archival sources. This paper focuses on where to obtain these documents, how they usually look, how to proceed in searching for them and finally how to interpret them. Also some examples of how stone quarries are depicted on old maps and pictures will be shown, including pointing out the historical and contemporary urban planning and landscaping context. Nowadays the situation of abandoned quarries in relation to a current settlement structure or a protected natural area can create serious obstacles in the pursuit of recovering stone for the repairs of historical monuments from their authentic sources.

Keywords: dressed stone, quarry, written sources, old maps, natural resources