DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B12/S2.105

SOME EXPERIENCE IN DESIGNING PROTECTION ZONES IN THE SLOVAK KARST

L. Tometz, L. Mihalova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-08-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 2, 823-830 pp

ABSTRACT
Eastern Water Company uses numerous amounts of underground water resources for drinking water supply. It is now in the territory of scope company 70.8% connection of inhabitants. For public supply of water are used underground and surface water resources in the total number of 1071, of which the vast majority are the springs (531), 454 wells and 47 surface water sources. One of the key areas in which they are located springs and hydrogeological boreholes capturing a significant amount of quality drinking water is the territory of the Slovak Karst. The quantity and quality of water abstracted depend predominantly on the measures protecting used water sources. The function of these measures are ensured by protection zones of water resources. These provide priority protection of water resources used for population drinking water supply in full. Slovak Karst as the area but also has a specific hydrogeological characteristics, which in turn require specific measures to establish and protect. From this reason, present contribution provides insight into the problems of their creation in condition of the Slovak Karst. Slovak Karst abounds with numerous sources of groundwater used for drinking water supply. The most frequently used are natural outflow of karst water to the surface in the form of springs - karst springs. However, a significant component in the circumstances constitute also karst-fissure waters, captured by hydrogeological boreholes. The basic prerequisite for the quality of drinking water is the source of water supply with effectively proposed buffer zones. In order to protect public health, it is necessary to focus on such water sources, from which water quality in their natural conditions and its physical, chemical, microbiological composition and properties approximates to the requirements for drinking water. Therefore, the proposed protection zones of drinking water in this area has its own characteristics, which we evaluate in the present contribution.

Keywords: Slovak Karst, protection zones, Eastern Water Company, drinking water