DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BA1.V1/S01.018

Nb AND Ta MINERALS FOUND IN ORASTIE MOUNTAINS, ROMANIA

N. Ludusan, L. Dimen
Monday 5 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Science and Technologies In Geology, Exploration and Mining, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-954-91818-7-6 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, Vol. 1, 129 - 134 pp

ABSTRACT

In the mesometamorphic series of Sebes Mountains (Romania), were reported several
migmatites that are in composition rare and radioactive minerals, including oxides of
Nb and Ta. Microscopic studies have indicated the presence of these minerals in
magnetite and biotite zones, where they were diagnosed: Pyrochlore (Ca, Na, Y, U,
Th)2 (Nb, Ta, Ti)6 (OH, F, O), Fergusonite (Y, Ca, Fe, Er, Ce) (Nb, Ta, Ti)O4 and, in
smaller quantities, Colombite (Fe, Mn) (Nb,Ta)2O6 and Aeschiynite (-Y) (Priorite) (Y,
Ce, Th, Ca, Na, U) (Ti, Nb, Ta)6O6. The presence of these minerals in Oraºtie
Mountains is confirmed by spectral analysis showing a concentration of 0.117% Nb2O5
average. Report Nb / Ta indicate values between 1/10 and 1/30. The presence of
Pyrochlore, Fergusonit and Colombite has been reported in other parts of Romania, but
Aeschiynite is reported here for the first time in accumulations with industrial interest
.
Keywords: rare minerals, radioactive minerals, spectral analysis, Pyrochlore,
Fergusonite, Colombite, Aeschiynite.

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