DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s03.v1031

LANDSCAPE RESTORATION OF AREAS AFFECTED BY COAL PROCESSING ACTIVITIES IN WESTERN JIU VALLEY, ROMANIA

T. GOLDAN, R. MORARU, C. DANCIU, D. CRISTIAN NISTOR
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 1, 639 - 644 pp

ABSTRACT

As a consequence of mining activities (extraction, processing and storage), many areas who
were in a stable have changed gradually their dynamics equilibrium through an accelerated
regression induced by anthropogenic factors generating new landscapes working in a high
degree of entropy. Knowing the stage of degradation in which the regional geomorphological
system is essential when designing rehabilitation strategy and
implementation solutions, and restoring degraded lands should become an integral part
of mining reality. If the territory in which the anthropogenic factor has held industrial
activity has no potential in terms of landscape and harmonious relations with any other
tourist resources, the degraded lands can be restored or improved by building parks and
public gardens, artificial lakes water parks and botanical gardens. This paper analysis
and presents an opportunity for the ecological restoration of tailing ponds from a coal
processing plant in western Jiu Valley Coal Basin. They contain sludge from coal
processing activities. In this respect, there have been studied several types of
environmental recovery. To assess anthropic impact, the paper uses several methods:
geo-morphological quality impairment assessment, evaluation method based on solar
radiation relationship-exhibition, modify-reuse assessment method etc.

Keywords: degraded land, landscape rehabilitation, coal, anthropogenic impact, environmental
recovery.