DBPapers

APPLICATION OF GPS RTK METHOD IN CONSTRUCTION OF SETTLEMENTS

AUTHOR/S: PAAR, R., NOVAKOVIC, G., PROF. DR. DIPL. ENG. KAPOVIC, Z.
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2006

6th International Scientific Conference - SGEM2006, www.sgem.org, SGEM2006 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN: 954-918181-2, June 12-16, 2006, Vol. 2, 331-343 pp

ABSTRACT

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) (predominantly GPS carrier phase-based positioning) are used today more and more in various areas of geodesy and surveying. In order to determine the position of a large number of points as quickly as possible, GPS RTK (Real Time Kinematic) surveying method is the most productive one because the coordinates are obtained in real time directly in the field and involve occupying points for a short period of time. Because point positions with high precision are immediately known, RTK can be used for construction stakeout as well, i.e. for transferring the points which coordinate are determined in advance. In this paper the application of this method for the purpose of designing and staking out of a future settlement at the territory of the town Knin will be presented.
For making digital base for project, the area of the future settlement (about 30 ha) has been surveyed in two days, using GPS RTK surveying method. Based on the coordinates of measured points (about 2500 points), a vector map has been made with subdivision project according to the state development plan. After the designing has been done, the coordinates of points for future land parcels have been determined, and they were set out in the field using GPS RTK method.
The application of this surveying method which provide simultaneous determination of coordinates in the state coordinate system is the most convenient exactly in the real estate cadastre in retracing the boundaries, various subdivisions, road construction, construction of settlements and similar, especially in the cases when geodetic control is destroyed or missing.

Keywords: GPS RTK, land surveying, staking out.