DBPapers

THE ANALYSIS OF GROUND VIBRATION BLAST INDUCED ON ISTANBUL KAVACIK-BEYKOZ WASTE WATER TUNNEL

AUTHOR/S: U. OZER, A. KAHRIMAN, M. AKSOY, A. KARADOGAN, D. ADIGUZEL
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2008

8th International Scientific Conference - SGEM2008, www.sgem.org, SGEM2008 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN: 954-918181-2, June 16-20, 2008, Vol. 1, 241-252 pp

ABSTRACT

This paper presents the results of ground vibration measurements and environmental
issues occurred on tunnel blasting activities during Kavacık-Beykoz waste water tunnel
construction under a residential area in Istanbul, Turkey. Within the scope of the study,
the blasting pattern of tunnel was engineered by using Tunnel 2000 design software. 5
events in 5 shots at S2 shaft tunnels, , 6 events in 6 shots at S4 shaft tunnels, , 32 events
in 32 shots at S6-shaft tunnels and, 7 events in 7 shots at S7 shaft tunnels were
recorded.. The particle velocities and frequencies associated with 50 shots during the
advancement of the tunnels were monitored and analyzed by vibration monitors at the
test site. Scaled distance and peak particle velocity data pairs were analyzed statistically.
During the statistical analysis, three different predictor equations widely used in the
literature were used to predict peak particle velocity (PPV) and the results and
comparison of the predictor equations are presented in this paper. As a result of this
analysis, empirical relationships between Scaled distance and peak particle velocity for
these regions were established with higher correlation coefficients. Finally, the particle
velocities and frequency values of all blast events were evaluated according to T.C.
Ministry of Environment and Forest’s Regulation of Management and Evaluation of
Noise, The United States Bureau of Mines (USBM) and German DIN 4150 Norms in
order to predict, and compare the influence grades to the neighboring buildings, and
structures.

Keywords: Blasting, Tunnel, Environmental, PPV.