THE RURAL LANDSCAPE IN THE PLAIN OF TARGOVISTE (ROMANIA) AND ITS ECOLOGICAL FEATURES
11th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2011, www.sgem.org, SGEM2011 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 20-25, 2011, Vol. 3, 723-730 pp
The rural landscape is made up of agricultural landscape, completed by the land without
an agricultural destination. It comprises three elements: the central area, the habitat
made up of buildings related to the agricultural exploitations, dwellings, artisan’s
locations, deposits; rural lands that include both the uncultivated areas and the areas
meant for different uses (agriculture, forestry, pisciculture, tourist and recreational
purposes); the physical infrastructure (ways of communication).
In this study, we will reflect on the rural landscape of the Plain of Târgovişte, as an area
for human habitation (precincts of rural settlements) and social area (rest, recreation,
convivial relationships) for the local community, which later on turned into an economic area, providing agricultural lands and other resources as productive and subsistence
We can distinguish between three different rural landscape approaches:
the first and the oldest refers to the adaptation of the rural society to the inhabited area, explaining the appearance and the settlement of the habitat near water sources and the way the rural population uses the natural offer (soil, water, microrelief);
a second type of approach refers to the historic genesis of the rural landscapes, relying on archeological remains and on their rigorous classification;
the third kind of approach considers the rural landscape as a materialization of the present condition of the technology and reflects, on the level of the inhabitants’conscience, its evolution.
We are going to approach the rural landscape of the Plain of Târgovişte from a dynamic
perspective, as a landscape submitted to a continuous transformation and as the result of
the interaction in time between: the initial physical environment, its biological
exploitation and man’s action on it. Taking into account certain indicators (agricultural
land fund, rural population, number of employees in agriculture and industry,
administrative facilities), we calculated the landscape naturalness indicator and the
environmental transformation indicator, thanks to which we have been able to draw a
typology of the localities in the Plain of Târgovişte.
The human valorization of the Plain of Târgovişte in time highlighted its capacity of
being a multifunctional space, which represents a quality favoring both its own
development and the development of the entire country, as it is a bridge that unites and
allows the passage to and from the major neighboring units.
Keywords: Plain of Târgovişte, rural landscape, rural habitat
PAPER 2011/s20.176: THE RURAL LANDSCAPE IN THE PLAIN OF TARGOVISTE (ROMANIA) AND ITS ECOLOGICAL FEATURES
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