WATER RESOURCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN LAKE BATLLAVA
11th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2011, www.sgem.org, SGEM2011 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 20-25, 2011, Vol. 2, 985-992 pp
In this paper, the case of study is water resource protection from negative influences
such as climate variability and human activities should be approached with great care.
In this survey will be treated water resources and environmental protection is the
catchments area of Lake Batllava. The catchments area of Lake Batllava has a size of
225 km² and the active storage volume of the lake is assessed to 34.4 Mill. m³. The
current population of Municipality of Prishtina is estimated to be around 400,000 and
Lake Batllava supply with drinking water around 64% of population in this area. The
study discusses for the quality, reliability and sustainability of water supply in Prishtina
as well as protection of water resources, hence improvement of living conditions,
raising public health standards and promotion of economic growth in the area.
The knowledge of flows reaching the Lake Batllava is important for developing a water
resources plan. Since no useful hydrological data was available for the study it was
decided to obtain this information by means of hydrological modelling based on a
rainfall-runoff computation. The hydrologic modelling system used, is HEC-HMS
developed by the Hydrologic Engineering Centre of the US Corps of Engineers. The
model is designed to simulate the rainfall-runoff processes of catchments areas and is
applicable to a wide range of geographic areas.
Water samples are taken from three small rivers/streams flow to the Lake Batllava: river
Turiqic, river Kushevic and Ballaban, also from lake in different depths (5m, 10m and
15m) at different locations. Concerning the environment impact more than 300
interviews were conducted and questionnaires filled in the period October-November
for Orllan area, concentrating on the most important issues: building, water supply,
wastewater disposal and west disposal.
Keywords: Lake Batllava, water resources, water supply, water quality, pollution
PAPER 2011/s13.130: WATER RESOURCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN LAKE BATLLAVA
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